The selection of sub-projects for funding by SSDF will be based on the principles of demand-led sub-projects identification and preparation, which meet poverty reduction objectives consistent with Poverty Reduction Action Plan (PRAP). The PRAP provides the framework of action to focus SSDF interventions more directly on the needs of poor communities in a holistic manner.
Community participation in sub-project identification, design, monitoring, implementation and maintenance is essential for the long term success of the sub-project, as this will ensure ownership and sustainability long after initial project inputs have been provided to the beneficiary community.
The sub-project cycle refers to the stages through which each sub-project financed by the SSDF passes. The sub-project cycle’s principal advantages lies in providing a logical framework and sequence within which data can be complied and analysed, investment priorities established, sub-project alternatives considered and sector policy issues addressed.
The cycle for each sub-project includes a number of clearly defined stages. Each stage must be completed before proceeding to the next stage.
SSDF Staff will use all available data to target the poorest communities. Observation, enquiry and discussion techniques will be employed to determine with the communities the causes of poverty and the most feasible responses, thus enabling them to select sub-projects based on their expressed needs, in order of priority with respect to poverty reduction objectives. Additionally, community members will be involved in the design, monitoring, implementation and evaluation of sub-projects selected.
The stages of the sub-project cycle are:
- Preparation (Conduct Needs Assessment & Community Profiles)
- Project Steering Committee/Board of Directors approval
- CDB/EU Appraisal/Approval/No -objection
- Engagement of Consultants for Design and Supervision where required
- Engage and select contractors where necessary
- Mobilize community and implementation sub-project
- Monitoring & Evaluation
- Completion and Hand-over
- Conduct Impact Assessments